Editing Services


A proofread is the lightest type of editing. It ensures that writing is free of strictly mechanical errors, such as spelling, punctuation, and grammar. It is usually the last step before a project goes to print.


Copyediting includes all the elements of proofreading, and it also works to improve phrasing, word choice, clarity, consistency, and organization.

Substantive Content Editing

Substantive editing includes all the above, and it also involves some rewriting as well as having a greater focus on the reorganization of ideas and text.

Depending on the level of edit requested, I will look for and correct:

  • Grammar and spelling
  • Consistency of capitalization and hyphenation
  • Word repetition
  • Overuse of adjectives and adverbs
  • Appropriateness of style and tone for the intended audience
  • Wordiness
  • Sentence structure
  • Tense usage and verb/subject agreement
  • Paragraph breaks
  • Formatting errors
  • Accuracy of facts
  • Adherence to style guide requirements